EU enlargement is a historic step toward the long-cherished goal, supported by all U.S. presidents since Eisenhower, of a Europe that is “whole, free, at peace, and growing in prosperity.”
Any European state that respects liberty, democracy, human rights and fundamental freedoms, and the rule of law is eligible to apply for EU membership.
Because joining the EU often requires major political and economic reforms within the candidate country, the process moves forward at a pace consistent with the applicant’s ability to take on the obligations of membership, also known as the Copenhagen Criteria, which require:
EU candidate countries are those whose EU membership application has been accepted by the EU, and are moving toward or actually negotiating their accessions. Currently, there are six candidate countries: Albania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (fYROM), Iceland, Montenegro, Serbia, and Turkey.... Read more
Learn how the European Neighborhood Policy promotes democracy, economic development, stability, and security in the countries around the borders of the EU, creating a ring of friends and avoiding the emergence of new dividing lines between the enlarged EU and its neighbors.... Read more