The European External Action Service supports the EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/European Commission Vice-President, Federica Mogherini. In the United States, the High Representative’s counterpart is the Secretary of State.
The EEAS helps the High Representative ensure the consistency and coordination of the EU’s external action, and oversees the EU’s external policies, strategies, instruments, missions, and the 140 EU diplomatic delegations throughout the world. It prepares and implements common foreign and security policy proposals, and assists the Presidents of the European Council and the European Commission with their external relations portfolios.
The EEAS is divided into both geographical and thematic directorates. It cooperates closely with the diplomatic services of the EU Member States, and includes staff from the Council Secretariat, the European Commission, and Member State diplomatic services.
With the status of diplomatic missions, EU Delegations officially represent the EU to their host countries, and in several cases to international organizations, including the United Nations.
Each Delegation has a mandate that reflects the specific EU relationship with the individual country, whether it is an applicant for EU membership, a neighboring nation that benefits from the European Neighborhood Policy, an industrialized nation with which the EU has specific strategic and trade relations, or one of the many beneficiaries of the EU’s development assistance.
EU Delegations work in close cooperation with the local diplomatic missions of the EU Member States.
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